Chianti and the “Gallo Nero” legend

chianti_classico_gallo_nero

Tuscany is a land known all over the world, not only because of its famous art cities and its beautiful landscapes of nature and small medieval villages, but it is also famous thanks to its products, first of all the Wine.

There are many farms producing good wines, both red and white, from autochthon or international grapes, but the most popular is surely Chianti. Produced in a large area among provinces of Siena, Florence, Pisa and Arezzo, Chianti is divided in more production’s under-zones, and the most famous and known is the Chianti Classico, with its historical symbol with a black rooster, “Gallo Nero”, that is almost become as a synonymous of such wine.

Where is this particular name of such area from?

During the Middle Age, when Tuscany was a land of fights between Florence and Siena to conquer the territory, in order to put out every struggles, they decided to play a strange challenge to solve the issue: at sunrise on a given day, at first singing of a rooster, two knights, one from Florence, the other from Siena, should go riding from their city towards the opposing city. Border between the two territories should have been the meeting point of the two knights.

The white rooster, chosen by Siena and taken care with too much attention by the city, on such morning started singing later than the black rooster chosen by Florence, as they had left the animal in bad conditions, in the dark and without food, for several days, so that morning it started singing before the sunrise. In that way, the Florentine knight started riding much more before than his rival.

Did you guess how the story goes?

The two knights met only 12 Km far from Siena’s walls, near Fonterutoli in Castellina in Chianti. So, following the tradition, since that day Chianti area belongs to Florence.

Regarding the Black Rooster, since then it became the symbol of the “Lega del Chianti”, that identified this area under the Florentine Republic’s  domination, as also confirmed by an image of a black rooster in the coat of arms of Castellina in Chianti. Later it was obviously chosen by “Consorzio of Chianti Classico” and on 1924 it became its brand.

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